Sleepy Little Township
Used to populate from near west coast to near east coast: furthest east was the entire state of PA and north into NY.
Original population est. 20 to 30 million; population in 1880 395,000; population in 1889 541. Range diminished to a thin vertical band in the mid west from northern Texas up into Alberta Canada. Population has been driven to near extinction and their range dramatically reduced by 1870.
Lifespan is: 18-22 years in the wild; over 30 years in captivity (bison facts) – 15 years in the wild; 25 years in captivity (wikipedia)
Calves nurse for typically 7 to 12 month (but sometimes for 18 months), and are not mature until 3 years – typically unsuccessful at mating until 5 years.
height 6 to 6.5 feet at the shoulder
length 10-12.5 feet
weight 900-2000 lbs (females weigh slightly less than the males)
- First postage stamp with image of bison was issued June 17, 1898 – 4cents as part of the Trans-Mississippi Exposition commemorative series. Series released together: 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, and 10 cent stamps
- During the Expo, on Aug 31, 1898, the committee declared “Cody Day” in honor of Buffalo Bill Cody.
- 1901 $10 Legal Tender depicting military explorers Lewis and Clark, with a bison in the center
- American Bison Society founded in 1905 by Hornaday and Theodore Roosevelt to help save the bison from extinction
- Buffalo nickel minted from 1913 to 1938.